Fresh off a run to the Madrid final, Victoria Azarenka signed autographs for her many Italian fans.
Greta Arn scored the first upset of the week, saving four match points to beat Svetlana Kuznetsova.
Ana Ivanovic passed a tough first round test from two-time French Open semifinalist Nadia Petrova.
Maria Sharapova, a semifinalist in Rome in her last two attempts, attended a Sony Ericsson party.
Madrid semifinalists Casey Dellacqua and Rennae Stubbs were bounced in the opening round in Rome.
Italian veteran Alberta Brianti, who recently won her first WTA title in Fes, signed the BNL wall.
Yanina Wickmayer came from a first set blowout to upset No.13 seed Ana Ivanovic in the second round.
Maria Sharapova was ruthless against Ekaterina Makarova in the first round, scoring a 61 61 victory.
Li Na, who revived her season with a run to the semis of Madrid last week, at an autograph session.
With next year's Olympic doubles in their goals, Peng Shuai and Zheng Jie won their doubles opener.
Lucie Safarova, who beat Jelena Jankovic in Madrid last week, met her fans at an autograph session.
Francesca Schiavone made her Italian fans proud as she fought off an in-form Daniela Hantuchova.
Daniela Hantuchova left the court after pushing No.5-ranked Francesca Schiavone to 7-5 in the third.
World No.1 doubles player Flavia Pennetta of Italy spent some of her down time at the Rolex suite.
All-star American doubles team Liezel Huber and Lisa Raymond were upset by Peng Shuai and Zheng Jie.
Chinese trailblazer Li Na donned a Strong Is Beautiful shirt the day the WTA's ad campaign launched.
Maria Sharapova met the media after beating Shahar Peer in the third round on Thursday afternoon.
Jelena Jankovic was pushed to nearly three hours but got past Anabel Medina Garrigues, 64 26 62.
Shahar Peer had two strong wins to reach the third round but Maria Sharapova was too much for her.
Francesca Schiavone signed for her fans after a marathon third round win over Daniela Hantuchova.