Amélie Mauresmo will become the first woman to captain the French Davis Cup team after being unveiled on Saturday.
The Frenchwoman, 38, will succeed Yannick Noah for 2019 and 2020, while compatriot Julien Benneteau is to take over the French Fed Cup side after his retirement later this year, also from Noah.
Mauresmo becomes just the sixth woman to coach a Davis Cup team, having also coached the Fed Cup side for three years from 2013 - winning six of nine ties and taking them to the final in 2016.
She became the first woman to coach a leading male after taking over as Andy Murray's coach in 2014 for two years. She has also coached Michael Llodra, Victoria Azarenka and Marion Bartoli.
"He had confidence in me when others thought that it was an aberration," Mauresmo said of Murray. " I am thinking of Andy because without him I would not be here today. I am very proud of the trust put in me and of the new challenge."
FFT president Bernard Giudicelli prasied a "completely groundbreaking choice".
Former World No.1 Mauresmo won two Grand Slam titles in her 15-year playing career, taking both the Australian Open and Wimbledon crowns in 2006, beating Justine Henin on both occasions. She also won the Fed Cup in 2003 and a silver medal at the 2004 Athens Olympics and retired in 2009.